Stainless steel, originally called rustless steel, is any one of a group of ferrous alloys that contain a minimum of approximately 11% chromium, a composition that prevents the iron from rusting and provides heat-resistant properties. Different types of stainless steel include the elements carbon, nitrogen, aluminium, silicon, sulfur, titanium, nickel, copper, selenium, niobium, and molybdenum. Specific types of stainless steel are often designated by their AISI three-digit number, e.g., 304 stainless. The ISO 15510 standard lists the chemical compositions of stainless steels of the specifications in existing ISO, ASTM, EN, JIS, and GB standards in a useful interchange table. Resistance to corrosion and staining, low maintenance, and familiar luster make stainless steel an ideal material for many applications where both the strength of steel and corrosion resistance are required. Moreover, stainless steel can be rolled into sheets, plates, bars, wire, and tubing. These can be used in cookware, cutlery, surgical instruments, major appliances, vehicles, construction material in large buildings, industrial equipment (e.g., in paper mills, chemical plants, water treatment), and storage tanks and tankers for chemicals and food products. The biological cleanability of stainless steel is superior to both aluminum and copper, having a biological cleanability comparable to glass. Its cleanability, strength, and corrosion resistance have prompted the use of stainless steel in pharmaceutical and food processing plants.
Stainless steel plate is generally a general term for stainless steel plate and acid-resistant steel plate. Introduced at the beginning of this century, the development of stainless steel plate has laid an important material and technical foundation for the development of modern industry and scientific and technological progress. There are many types of stainless steel plates with different properties. It has gradually formed several categories in the development process. According to the structure, it is divided into four categories: austenitic stainless steel, martensitic stainless steel (including precipitation hardening stainless steel), ferritic stainless steel, and austenitic plus ferritic duplex stainless steel. The main chemical composition or some characteristic elements in the steel plate are classified into chromium stainless steel plate, chromium nickel stainless steel plate, chromium nickel molybdenum stainless steel plate, low carbon stainless steel plate, high molybdenum stainless steel plate, high purity stainless steel plate, etc. According to the performance characteristics and uses of steel plates, it is divided into nitric acid-resistant stainless steel plates, sulfuric acid-resistant stainless steel plates, pitting-resistant stainless steel plates, stress corrosion-resistant stainless steel plates, and high-strength stainless steel plates. According to the functional characteristics of the steel plate, it is divided into low temperature stainless steel plate, non-magnetic stainless steel plate, free-cutting stainless steel plate, superplastic stainless steel plate, etc. The commonly used classification method is to classify according to the structural characteristics of the steel plate, the chemical composition characteristics of the steel plate and the combination of the two. Generally divided into martensitic stainless steel, ferritic stainless steel, austenitic stainless steel, duplex stainless steel and precipitation hardening stainless steel, etc. or divided into two categories: chromium stainless steel and nickel stainless steel. Wide range of uses Typical uses: pulp and paper equipment heat exchangers, mechanical equipment, dyeing equipment, film processing equipment, pipelines, exterior materials for buildings in coastal areas, etc. Also there are other types of stainless steel plates, such as 304 Stainless Steel Sheet, 316 Stainless Steel Plate, 301 Stainless Steel Sheet, etc.